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The History of Connecticut Medicine


Thirty-one ‘phisitions’ were on hand for 

Connecticut’s Medical Beginnings 

Research show colony’s medical men first organized in 1767


By Lawrence D. Nizza, reprinted with permission from The Hartford Courant (The Courant Magazine, June 2, 1957)  


Click here for the article: Connecticut's Medical Beginnings

The 98th Annual Convention of the Connecticut State Medical Society was held in New Haven, Connecticut on May 22 and 23, 1889. 

The President of CSMS was Orlando Brown, M.D. or Washington, CT.

The Vice-President of CSMS was Melancthon, M.D.  Storrs of Hartford, CT.

The President of LCMA was J. Howard North, M.D. of Goshen, CT.

The Vice-President was Charles O. Belden, M.D. of Litchfield, CT.

1889 Total CSMS Membership By County:

Hartford - 118

New Haven - 137

New London - 45

Fairfield - 83

Windham - 36

Litchfield - 38

Middlesex - 35

   Tolland - 16

William G. Daggett, A.B., M.D. of New Haven gave a speech to the New Haven County Medical Association on April 18, 1889.  The title was "The Treatment of Typhoid Fever."  Dr. Daggertt stated "There is reasonable ground for the belief that the time is not far distant when typhoid fever will be a much rarer disease than it is at present; when the results of clinical observation, and the facts now being gathered in bacteriological laboratories will be so formulated and adapted to each otheras to enable us to prevent its occurrence, if not to eradicate it from the list of frequently recurring infectious diseases.  The increased interest felt in the purity of our water supplies, and the general use of germicidal and antiseptic agents in the sick room, are the direct outcomes of systematic and scientific study of aetiology, and show our belief in the bacterial origins of the disease."

According to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, before the advent of public sewage systems, typhoid was common in the United States. In 1920, for example, typhoid fever occurred in 100 out of every 100,000 people. By 1920, it had decreased to 33.8 per 100,000 people, and, by 1950, to 1.7 for every 100,000.

Perhaps the most famous outbreaks of tyhpoid fever in the U.S. involved Mary Mallon, a cook in the New York City area in the early 1900s. Most well known as "Typhoid Mary," Mallon was taken into custody in 1907 by local health officials when it was shown that a number of typhoid cases in the area could be traced to kitchens where she worked. She was held for three years on Brother Island in New York's East River and then released on the condition that she never again work as a cook. About 5 years later, officials found that typhoid outbreaks were again traceable to kitchens where Mallon worked. She was then detained on Brother Island until her death in 1938.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 400 Americans each year acquire typhoid, most of them while traveling in developing countries. Untreated, the illness may last for 3 to 4 weeks. Roughly 5 percent of those who contract the illness become chronic carriers-excreting the typhoid bacteria in their stools for more than a year. Treatment usually consists of antibiotics--either ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, or ciprofloxacin. With antibiotic treatment, recovery usually begins within 2 to 3 days, and deaths rarely occur. Untreated, typhoid victims may experience fever for weeks or months. Anywhere from 12 to 30 percent of typhoid victims who do not receive treatment eventually die from such complications of the infection as intestinal perforation.



Litchfield County Medical Association - P. O. Box 416 - Torrington, CT 06790
Tel: 860.482.3310